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China

Ethnic Groups

  • Han Chinese 91.6%
  • Zhuang 1.3%
  • Other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%
note: the Chinese government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 est.)

Religion

  • Buddhist 18.2%
  • Christian 5.1%
  • Muslim 1.8%
  • Folk religion 21.9%
  • Hindu < .1%
  • Jewish < .1%
  • other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist))
  • Unaffiliated 52.2%

Economic Overview

  • GDP: $9.93 trillion
  • Agriculture Products: world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish
  • Industries: world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products (including footwear, toys, and electronics); food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
  • Total Labor Force: 797.6 million (2013 est.)
    • Agriculture: 33.6%
    • Industry: 30.3%
    • Services: 36.1%
  • Unemployment Rate: 4.1% (2013 est.)

Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Population

1,355,692,576

Government Type

Communist State

Climate

Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north