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Angelo State University
Center for International Studies

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Ethnic Groups

  • German 91.5%
  • Turkish 2.4%
  • Other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)


  • Protestant 34%
  • Roman Catholic 34%
  • Muslim 3.7%
  • Unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Economic Overview

  • GDP: $3.593 trillion (2013 est.)
  • Agriculture Products: potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; milk products; cattle, pigs, poultry
  • Industries: among the world’s largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
  • Total Labor Force: 44.2 million (2013 est.)
    • Agriculture: 1.6%
    • Industry: 24.6%
    • Services: 73.8%
  • Unemployment Rate: 45.3% (2013 est.)


Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark



Government Type

Federal Republic


temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind