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Undergraduate Biology (BIO) Courses

  • Freshman Level (1000)

    1410 Human Biology (3-2). An introductory owner’s manual to the hu­man body for nonbiology majors. Includes fundamentals of human anatomy and the functions of the major systems of the body, contemporary health issues, human hereditary, and human evolution.

    1411 Man and the Environment (3-2). A introductory owner’s manual to Spaceship Earth for nonbiology majors. Includes a survey of contempo­rary ecological concepts that affect man’s life, values, and culture. Topics include the biosphere and ecosystems, adaptation, environmental pollution, waste management, conservation, population growth, and world food prob­lems.

    1480 Principles of Biology (3-3). An introduction to the unifying principles of biology, including the chemistry of life, cell structure and function, energy, inheritance, development, evolution, and ecology. Laboratory is designed to develop and improve critical thinking and problem solving skills related to the topics discussed in lectures. Intended for the biology major or minor.

    1481/BIOL 1407 Principles of Biology I (3-3). An introduction to the uni­fying principles of biology with emphasis on biological diversity, evolution, and ecology. Laboratory is designed to reinforce lecture topics and develop analytical skills essential to the practice of biology. Recommended as a first semester course of a two-course sequence for students majoring in biologi­cal sciences or related disciplines. Not intended for non-majors.

    1482/BIOL 1406 Principles of Biology II (3-3). An introduction to the unifying principles of biology with emphasis on biological chemistry, ener­getics and homeostasis, cell structure and function, gene expression, and patterns of inheritance. Laboratory is designed to reinforce lecture topics and develop analytical skills essential to the practice of biology. Recom­mended as a second semester course of a two-course sequence for stu­dents majoring in biological sciences or related disciplines. Not intended for non-majors.

    Sophomore Level (2000)

    2320 Medical Terminology (3-0). Study of common medical terminol­ogy used in oral and written communications in the health professions. Terminology describing anatomical, physiological, and pathological condi­tions will be studied, including those used in diagnostic procedures and treatments. Special emphasis on root words, medical prefixes and suffixes, pronunciation, abbreviations, and symbols.

    2401/BIOL 1411 General Botany (3-3). A consideration of the structural adaptations and diversity of plants and their life cycles. Laboratory will em­phasize classification and comparative anatomy of the Kingdoms Fungi and Plantae.
    Prerequisite: Credit for one semester of introductory biology for ma­jors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482).

    2402/BIOL 1413 General Zoology (3-3). A consideration of the structural adaptations of animals. Laboratory will emphasize classification and com­parative anatomy within the Kingdom Animalia.
    Prerequisite: Credit for one semester of introductory biology for ma­jors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482).

    2403 Comparative Plant and Animal Physiology (3-3). A general intro­duction to how plants and animals function, comparative in approach and stressing the principles of physiology which govern the degree of environ­mental adaptation.
    Prerequisites: Biology 2401, 2402.

    2423 Human Anatomy (3-3). The study of the structure of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body.

    2424 Human Physiology (3-3). The study of the normal functions of the cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body.
    Prerequisite: Credit for Biology 2423.

    Junior Level (3000)

    3101 Genetics Laboratory (0-2). Computer based problem solving in genetics. Optional laboratory to accompany Biology 3301.
    Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment or credit in Biology 3301.

    3301 Genetics (3-0). This is a course in general genetics. Topics are organized into three major areas: cytogenetics, molecular genetics and classical genetics.
    Prerequisite: Credit for two courses in biology or one course in biol­ogy and two semesters of chemistry.

    3302 Medical Genetics (3-0). A study of the role of genetics in human health with emphasis placed upon the mechanisms, methods of diagnosis and current treatment of genetic diseases. Course work will involve case studies and problem sets and will include learning to use a computer data base to retrieve information on human genetic diseases.
    Prerequisite: Must have completed Biology 3301 with a grade of “A”.

    3305 Medical Botany (3-0). An introduction to pharmacognosy and hu­manistic botany, including a discussion of the major food plants, special medicinal plants, plant hallucinogens, poisonous plants, and other eco­nomically important plants.
    Prerequisite: Credit for one semester of biology or consent of instruc­tor.

    3333 Natural History of the Concho Valley (3-0). A study of the rela­tionship among geology, soils, climate, plants, animals, and recent human history in the Concho Valley region of Texas. Emphasis will be placed on understanding woody vegetation and vertebrate animals of the region.

    3403 Cell Biology (3-3). Study of the morphology, function, biochemistry and molecular biology of cells and organelles. Laboratory work will involve the practice and application of techniques to cell biology. Prerequisites: Biology 1480 or 1482, 3301, and two semesters of chemistry.

    3411 General Microbiology (3-3). The major areas in the field of microbi­ology are surveyed, with special emphasis given to the bacteria. Groups of microorganisms are characterized in sufficient detail to reveal their nature. Fundamental concepts of biology and basic biological processes common to all forms of life are emphasized. Laboratory methods are stressed, and detailed studies are made of pure cultures. Prerequisites: Credit for two courses in biology or one course in biol­ogy plus two semesters of chemistry.

    3412 Pathogenic Microbiology (3-3). The relationship of microorganisms to human disease with an emphasis on bacteria. Elements of immunity and diagnosis and treatment of infection will be covered. This course includes a heavy emphasis on the role and application of laboratory work.
    Prerequisite: Credit for three courses in biology or instructor approval.

    3413 Immunology (3-2). A study of the specific cellular and humoral responses of the animal body to microorganisms and certain other extrinsic and intrinsic agents.
    Prerequisites: Credit for three courses in biology or instructor ap­proval.

    3421 Histology (3-3). The microscopic study of normal cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body with emphasis on integration of microscopic structure with physiology, embryology, and other areas of biol­ogy.
    Prerequisites: Credit for two courses in biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482, 2401, 2402), or Biology 2423 and 2424.

    3461 Entomology (3-3). General entomology: a survey of the important orders and families of insects with emphasis on the natural history, system­atics, taxonomy, and physiology of the group. Laboratory will include field trips with required collection and identification of local representative taxa. Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or consent of instructor.

    Senior Level (4000)

    4061 Internship: Credit 1 to 6. A supervised course providing practical on-the-job experience in the student’s major. Grading will be either pass or fail.
    Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and approval of department chair. 3.00 or better GPA in major and overall.

    4181 Seminar in Biology (1-0). A course designed to acquaint the student with the basic literature of the discipline and to encourage an exchange among biology majors and faculty members on selected topics.

    4191, 4291, 4391 Research. Individual research problems for superior students majoring in biology. (May be repeated to a total of six semester hours credit.)
    Prerequisites: Junior standing. Approval from the Chair of the Depart­ment is required prior to enrollment.

    *4301 Conservation Biology (3-0). Theory and practice of conservation biology with emphasis on the maintenance of species diversity, factors af­fecting extinction, genetic impacts of rarity, and practical management con­siderations, including design of reserves and captive breeding and release programs. Prerequisites: Credit for one semester of introductory biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482) and Biology 3301 or consent of instructor.

    4303 Evolution (3-0). A review of the history of evolutionary thought and discussion of the development of all living organisms from previously existing types under the control of evolutionary processes. Emphasis on the mechanisms of evolution and the different theories regarding the processes that have brought about evolutionary change.
    Prerequisites: Credit for one semester of introductory biology for ma­jors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482) and Biology 3301.

    4315 Biogeography (3-0). A study of the distribution of plants and ani­mals over the earth and of the principles that govern this distribution.
    Prerequisites: Biology 2401, 2402 or equivalent.

    4381 Special Topics. Selected topics in biology. (May be repeated once for credit when the topic varies.) Prerequisite: Junior standing.

    *4401 Ornithology (3-3). A study of the biology of birds, their anatomy, evolutionary history, diversity, ecology, behavior, and zoogeography. Lab­oratory exercises will emphasize the identification and natural history of Texas birds.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or equivalent.

    *4402 Mammalogy (3-3). A study of the biology of mammals, their anat­omy, evolutionary history, diversity, ecology, behavior, and zoogeography. Laboratory exercises will emphasize the identification and natural history of Texas mammals.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or equivalent.

    *4403 Natural History of Bats (3-3). A study of the ecology and evolution of the order Chiroptera with emphasis on unique adaptations related to the life history strategies and echolocation of North American bats. Students will gain hands-on experience with the use of taxonomic keys and field techniques used in sampling and identifying bat species in natural habitats.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or consent of the instructor.

    *4404 Herpetology (3-3). A study of the amphibians and reptiles, their anatomy, evolutionary history, diversity, ecology, behavior, and zoogeog­raphy. Laboratory exercises will emphasize the identification and natural history of Texas amphibians and reptiles.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or equivalent.

    4412 Biological Oceanography (3-3). A study of marine organisms and the environment in which they are found. Particular emphasis will be given to the Gulf of Mexico.
    Prerequisite: Credit for one course in biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482, 2401, 2402) or consent of instructor.

    *4421 Developmental Biology (3-3). A study of the molecular and ge­netic mechanisms regulating the development of animals. Specific topics include gametogenesis, embryogenesis, and tissue development. Labora­tory explores the development of various invertebrate and vertebrate model organisms and emphasizes the application of techniques used with these model systems.
    Prerequisites: Biology 3301, 3403.

    *4423 General Physiology (3-3). An advanced course in fundamentals of vertebrate physiology emphasizing function from the molecular to the organ system level. Laboratory exercises combine animal surgery, biochemical and molecular techniques, electronic instrumentation, and/or computer simulations of physiological principles.
    Prerequisites: Must have completed Biology 1480 and 2402, or Biol­ogy 1481 and 1482, or Biology 2423 and 2424, with a grade of “B” or better.

    *4435 Plant Taxonomy (3-3). Laboratory and field studies emphasize the use of a dichotomous key using flowering plants of the Concho Valley as topics of study, and recognition of the major families of flowering plants. Lecture emphasis is on current problems in plant taxonomy and system­atics. (Credit may not be earned for this course and Range and Wildlife Management 4435.)

    * 4441 Parasitology (3-3). A study of the anatomy, life cycles, ecology, diseases, diagnosis and treatment of protozoa, helminths, and arthropods parasitic in man. (Credit may not be earned for this course and Biology 5441.)
    Prerequisites: Credit for two courses in biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482, 2401, 2402), or Biology 2423 and 2424.

    4442 Arachnology (3-3). A study of the origin of the arachnids and their evolutionary relationships to other early arthropod groups. A survey of the recognized ordinal groups will be presented in both lecture and laboratory with respect to the existing literature on distribution, morphology, ecology, reproductive life cycles and their relationships to man.

    *4443 Invertebrate Zoology (3-3). A survey of major invertebrate phyla, with emphasis on the classes of Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthro­pods, and Echinoderms. Particular attention will be given to phylogenetic relationships and natural history.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or equivalent.

    *4444 Vertebrate Zoology (3-3). An intensive study of vertebrate anatomy among the living groups from agnathans through mammals. The emphasis is on functional anatomy within the framework of vertebrate phylogeny.
    Prerequisite: Biology 2402 or equivalent.

    *4450 Molecular Biology (3-4). A study of the synthesis, function, and regulation of biologically important macromolecules (DNA, RNA, and pro­teins). Laboratory exercises are designed to develop skills with standard techniques in molecular biology such as electrophoresis, PCR, recombinant DNA technology, DNA sequencing, and bioinformatics.
    Prerequisites: Biology 3301, 3403.

    4451 Principles of Ecology (3-3). Examination of basic ecological con­cepts and principles of the ecosystem and biogeochemical cycles, with particular emphasis on the organization and energetics of populations at the species, interspecies, and community levels in aquatic and terrestrial environments. Prerequisites: Credit for two semesters of biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482, 2401, 2402), and Mathematics 1302 or higher (e.g. Mathematics 1303, 1360, 2331, 2332) or consent of instructor. Mathematics 1360 is strongly recommended.

    *4480 Introduction to Biometry (3-2). An introduction to the application of statistics to biological research. This course will include an introduction to probability, sampling theory, and hypothesis testing. Emphasis will be on common statistical techniques for biological research.
    Prerequisites: Credit for two semesters of biology for majors (Biology 1480, 1481, 1482, 2401, 2402), and Mathematics 1302 or equiva­lent, or consent of instructor. Mathematics 1333 or 1360 are recom­mended.

    *May be taken for graduate credit with permission of the Dean of the College of Graduate Studies.