United States Government Information
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(GPO’s official system of record)
(GPO’s online catalog)
- Searches a broad range of government-produced information.
- This site shows how the federal government is organized. Click on links to find agencies and sub-agencies.
- Each acronym is defined and links to the home page (or best alternative) of the identified department, agency, office, program or publication.
- Statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.
- Information on the agencies of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches, as well as some agencies, international organizations, boards, commissions, and committees.
White House Home Page (official site)
Compilation of Presidential Documents (1993-present)
- The Compilation of Presidential Documents collection consists of the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents which are the official publications of materials released by the White House Press Secretary.
- President George H.W. Bush to the present
Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, 1929-2000 (public domain version) (via University of Michigan)
- Budgets from Fiscal year 1996-present are available online
Federal Executive Branch (via USA.gov)
- Executive branch resources, publications, and web sites
United States House of Representatives
- Rep. Mike Conaway (11th Congressional District of Texas)
How Our Laws Are Made(Thomas.gov)
- This site gives a comprehensive view of the legislative process
- Search for bills with Congress.gov (93rd Congress [1973-1974]-present)
- Congressional Bills (103rd Congress-present)
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (1774-Present) (via Congress)
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: 1774-2005(House Document no. 108-222)
- Last published in 1989, the comprehensive 2,236 page directory provides the biographies of thousands of Members of the Senate and House who have served from the first through the 108th Congress.
- Closing date of compilation: January 3, 2005
- Available in sections or as one 11.3 MB zip file.
- 105th-114th Congresses
Congressional Pictorial Directory (105th-current sessions are available)
- 105th-current sessions also available in paper in the U.S. Documents Collection: Y 4.P 93/1:1 P/
Conference Reports (109th-present)
- A conference report is a compromise on legislation that is negotiated between the House and Senate via conference committees.
- It is printed and submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
- Congressional Record (v.140 (1994)-present)
- Congressional Record Index (1983-present)
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873 (Library of Congress American Memory Collection)
- Brings together online the records and acts of Congress from the Journals of the Continental Congress through The Congressional Globe, which ceased publication with the 42nd Congress in 1873
- Search all collections at once, or each collection separately
- The Congressional Record and its predecessor are also available in the Library:
- Congressional Globe: (1st sess.:37th Congress-2nd sess.:38th Congress) (Closed Stacks, West Texas Collection (University Center): J 11 .G56)
- v.1(1873)-v.122(1976) on microfilm (in the basement)
- v.123 (1977)-v.134 (1988). 95th Congress, 1st session - 100th Congress, 2nd session. (U.S. Documents Microfiche: X)
- v.134(1989)-present. 101st Congress, 1st session -present (U.S. Documents Microfiche: X 1.1:)
Congressional Research Service (CRS) (information from the Library of Congress)
- The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is the public policy research arm of Congress. This legislative branch agency works exclusively for Members of Congress, their committees and their staffs.
- CRS does not provide direct public access to its reports, considered among the most authoritative sources of information on topics of national and international interest.
- Citizens are required to request the reports from their Member of Congress. Some Members, as well as several non-profit groups, have posted the reports on their web sites.
- Many CRS reports are updated on a regular basis.
- Use the following sites to search for those CRS Reports that have been released to the public.
Congressional Research Service Reports (hosted by the University of North Texas)
- This site aims to provide integrated, searchable access to many of the full-text CRS reports that have been available at a variety of different web sites since 1990.
- Users have the ability to search by keyword, title, author, subject, and report number, and browse by subject.
- Includes all versions of the reports that could be located.
- Please note that this site does not contain a complete collection of CRS reports.
Congressional Research Service Finder. (zFacts.com)
- The zFacts.com web site uses the Google search software to search in “every CRS report on the web and only into CRS reports.”
- Retrieves CRS reports from all types of web sites (governmental and non-governmental).
- zFacts.com is a non-governmental site, created by Steve Stoft, a Ph.D economist.
- Provides reports on secrecy, intelligence, security, and space-related issues.
Thurgood Marshall Law Library: CRS Reports(University of Maryland School of Law)
- This is an online collection in the subject areas of homeland security/terrorism and health law and policy.
- Includes reports on the subjects of speech, privacy, copyright, and open government
- Other resources to use to locate and obtain CRS reports:
- Your Member of Congress — request reports from your Senators and your Representative’s offices. Penny Hill Press – sells individual reports & offers a subscription service.
U.S. Congressional Serial Set (via GPO Access)
Congressional Documents (104th Congress-present)
Congressional Reports (104th Congress-present)
Congressional Hearings: Main Page (104th Congress-present)
- Search for hearings
Congressional Hearings: Browse (104th Congress-present)
U.S. Senate: Bibliographies — Comprehensive lists of hearings, prints, and publications printed by the Senate, 1983 to present
- Congressional publications, House & Senate links, Other legislative branch publications & resources, and Legislative branch web sites.
Congress.gov (Legislative Information on the Internet)
- The Library of Congress provides searchable information about the U.S. Congress and the legislative process
- Search bills by topic, bill number, or title
- Search through and read the text of the Congressional Record for the 104th-109th Congresses
- Search and find committee reports by topic or committee name
Supreme Court of the United States (the official web site)
U.S. Courts (Federal Judiciary Home Page)
- Maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on behalf of the U.S. Courts
- Contains news and information about the Federal Courts
- U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- NOTE: The Supreme Court does not view any of its electronic information as official.
1893-Present (United States Reports v.150 (1893)- ) (Hosted by FindLaw)
1990-Present (Hosted by Legal Information Institute, Cornell University, under the auspices of Project Hermes)
1937-1975 (United States Reports v.300-422) (Federal Legal Information Through Electronics (FLITE) Hosted by FedWorld)
1992-2000 (Hosted by GPO Access)
Judicial branch resources, publications, and web sites
Federal Register (v.59 (1994) forward)
Federal Register: What It Is and How to Use It (online tutorial) (National Archives)
- An online guide for the user of the Federal register, Code of Federal regulations system.
- This online tutorial is available in two formats: PDF and HTML. Download the PDF files to a personal computer for faster access.
Code of Federal Regulations (1996-current year0
- Browse or Search (1997 forward), Retrieve a Federal Register page (1995 forward), LSA Compilation (1986-2000)
- Beginning with the 110th Congress, the Public and Private Laws have been digitally signed and certified. GPO has signed and certified the PDF files to assure users that the online documents are official and authentic.
- Collection of laws enacted during the 104th Congress (1995-1996)-109th Congress (2005- )
- Prepared and published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration
United States Code (1994 through 2006 editions, plus supplements)
- The United States Code is prepared and published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives.
- Database contains the general and permanent laws of the United States.
- Search and retrieve information — Public Laws (104th-109th Congresses), the United States Code (1994 and 2000 editions), History of Bills, the Federal Register — from the US Government Printing Office
- Established by the Regulatory Information Service Center to assist users who want to find information about Federal, state, and local regulation
- Includes the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions
- The Regulatory Plan, which is published as part of the fall edition of the Agenda, identifies regulatory priorities and contains additional detail about the most important significant regulatory actions that agencies expect to take in the coming year
- Introduced January 23, 2003
- “On this site, you can find, review, and submit comments on Federal documents that are open for comment and published in the Federal Register, the Government’s legal newspaper.”
Reports on Federal Agency Major Rules (General Accounting Office)
- Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, the General Accounting Office provides a report to the Committees of Jurisdiction of both houses of Congress on major rules proposed by Federal Agencies within 15 days of the receipt of a copy of the rule at the General Accounting Office or publication in the Federal Register, whichever is later.
- Includes U.S. federal and state codes, statutes, regulations, and cases
GobiernoUSA.gov (El portal oficial en español del Gobierno de los EE.) (The U.S. government’s official Spanish-language web portal)
información federal, en español (St. Mary’s University, San Antonio)
Organization & University Web Sites
Documents Center (University of Michigan)
Government Information Connection® (University of North Texas)
CyberCemetery (Archive of defunct U.S. government web sites)
USA.gov (The U.S. Government’s official web portal) (formerly: FirstGov.gov)
Grants.gov (single access point for over 1000 grant programs offered by all Federal grant-making agencies)
Science.gov (“USA.gov for Science”)
- “Science.gov is a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by U.S. Government agencies including research and development results.”
- Includes more than 50 million pages of government science information
- Searches an index of 1,850+ agency-selected sites
- Includes a “spelling suggestion tool” (a recent enhancement)
Citing Government Information Sources Using MLA (Modern Language Association) Style (Purdue Online Writing Lab)
Citing Government Information Sources Using APA (American Psychological Association) Style (Purdue Online Writing Lab)
Cheney, Debora. The complete guide to citing government information resources: a manual for social science and business research. 3rd ed. Bethesda, MD: LexisNexis, Congressional Information Service, 2002. Reference First Floor (non-circulating): J9.5 .G37 2002)
Government Documents Home
Revised: March 2017