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Seven Questions Asked in a Borrowing Situation

June 18, 2018

Dave Erickson, Director &
Certified Business Advisor
In his books Borrowing for Your Business, and Borrowing to Build Your Business, former banker George M. Dawson discussed seven questions typically asked in any borrowing situation. 

I believe these seven questions can help any business borrower better understand how lenders evaluate their loan proposal. Below is a discussion of the seven questions.

First, how much money do you want? Some borrowers fail to determine how much they really need. Lenders want to know the borrower has taken the time to pin this down as accurately as they can. Remember to allow for contingencies, as the unexpected may happen. It is important to borrow enough to avoid going back to the lender asking for more right away. Borrowing too little may just be enough to get you in trouble. Preparing accurate cash flow projections with assumptions will show you how much you will need to borrow.

Second, what are you going to do with the money? Lenders want to know where the money is going or how it will be spent.  Just saying “working capital” does not give the lender much comfort. List categories the money will be used for and how much will be needed for each category. Examples are equipment, remodeling, lease improvements, furniture, fixtures, inventory, or debt consolidation.

Third, why is this loan a good thing for your business? You will have to show why your business will benefit from the loan proceeds. Lenders like to make loans that are productive, meaning loans that result in higher sales or margins, and reduced costs.  Loans to start a business, business debt consolidation, or to buy a business are examples as well.

Fourth, why do you need their depositors’ money to do it? Lenders like to know why you have to borrow. In most cases it is for good reasons, like starting a business, purchasing seasonal inventory, or purchasing additional equipment. For an existing business, lenders want to see if the company is generating profits to pay for ongoing operating expenses and the loan is not going to be used to pay for these expenses, or used to pay any tax debt. Keep in mind, especially when starting a business, lenders will require an equity investment in cash or cash plus assets that are 15% to 30% of the total deal. This is to make sure you have something at risk. They will also require you to sign a personal guarantee and they will check your credit history.

The fifth and sixth questions are somewhat related. When will you pay it back? And how will you pay it back? Lenders want to see through conservative cash flow projections the business will have the capacity to pay back the loan. They want to see adequate collateral pledged. They will evaluate if you have enough experience in the business to make the right decisions. They will also evaluate the health of your industry, economic conditions, and the extent of your competition.

Finally, the seventh question asks, what happens if your plans do not work out? Show in your loan proposal you have anticipated what could go wrong, and your plans to work through those problems if they occur. Indicate the risks in your industry and risks of an economic downturn. Lenders will have comfort knowing you have thought through these problems and have plans to deal with them. In the case of a business startup, secondary sources of personal income are important in case cash flow from the business gets tight.

Remember SBDC business advisors can always provide free assistance with developing a loan proposal and help you understand the commercial lending process.

 Business Tips” was written by Mr. Dave Erickson, Director and Certified Business Advisor IV, of Angelo State University’s Small Business Development Center.  For more information on the topic of this article or the services of the ASU · SBDC, contact him at